Divorced. Beheaded. Died. Divorced. Beheaded. Survived.
Yes, in the 1st six words of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, the fate is learned by us of each of Henry VIII’s spouses. But simply how much have you figured out about their life?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug in to the reputation for Tudor England plus the royal court for the words for their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration associated with nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed below are the CliffsNotes that will help you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” ended up being the wife that is first of VIII. a princess that is spanish she had been the daughter of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets inside her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older cousin and heir obvious to your English throne) in 1501 when she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost had to get back her dowry, however a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to their more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry ended up being away in France. But once she neglected to create a male heir, things got complicated. Together with her pregnancy that is fifth gave delivery to Mary (the near future Mary I of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a child. He became convinced that his wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a pity ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly believed he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine had been furious he cast her aside; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control no matter what times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen had been anticipated. More over, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her marriage to Arthur—so that is the wedding that has been null. Complicated, we understand. Given that track shows, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine had been delivered to a “nun-ry” but fundamentally relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She died in 1536 in the chronilogical age of 50, still keeping she had been truly the only wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs amongst the King and his Queen’s feamales in waiting were common and anticipated, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sibling of their former mistress, at that. Anne spent my youth in the court associated with Queen of France before going back house to England to participate the royal court.
Anne Boleyn can be depicted whilst the devious spouse, presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be only a mistress, “some woman in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null along with his marriage that is new to valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne ended up being crowned queen 1, 1533; she soon gave birth to a girl, the future Elizabeth I june. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a mistress that is new Jane Seymour. Needing way to rid himself of Anne, Henry advertised that Anne had bewitched him while he ended up being hitched to Catherine. Anne maybe flirted with a few men “just to create him jel,” but that merely resulted in accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded during the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Fun reality: Historians think Henry VIII had written “Greensleeves” for Anne Boleyn, who he had been attempting to woo. Ergo, www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWV6p1LZG0U the techno remix of “Greensleeves” in “Ex-Wives.”
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the girl she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one time after Anne’s execution. Jane provided delivery to a son, Edward, in 1537 and died two weeks later of postnatal complications october. Jane is normally regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away. as she actually is the actual only real spouse Henry freely mourned as well as the just one to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is considered the most like an electric ballad—even” Henry VIII ended up being fundamentally buried beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just months that are sixth Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne along with her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th spouse. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
But once Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t appearance like her profile picture.” She revealed a basic not enough elegance, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it on my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for their displeasure together with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there was clearly absolutely no way she had been a virgin if they wed. Awarded an annulment, Anne remained in benefit because of the King and often checked out court throughout the reigns associated with last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, ended up being very very long the item of sexual attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( perhaps not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she moved along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became enthusiasts with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later on. Her grandmother discovered the affair and sent her towards the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as being a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 yrs old as he married the 16-year-old. Nevertheless the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed her behavior with Dereham—quickly distribute term that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham ended up being quartered and drawn). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, had been buried in an unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The wife that is final of VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two husbands that are previous had been widowed both in situations. She had dropped in deep love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s bro) before she caught the attention associated with the King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,her alone to save them both from the King’s wrath and certain death” she pleads with Thomas to leave.
By the time she wed Henry, he had been 52 plus in ill wellness.
Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mom to his three kids: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. This woman is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing so that they would come in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine had been initial queen of England and Ireland; she has also been the queen most abundant in diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine ended up being an advocate of reformation into the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and had been the very very first Queen of England to take action. So that it’s correct that she “fought for feminine education.” Before Henry VIII passed away 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected as the Queen of England even after his death—which is what happened january. She stepped down through the throne whenever Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been willing to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been the main one to re-marry, to gentleman associated with court Thomas Seymour. She died 5, 1548 september.